Roman letters and alphabet
A special number system was used in ancient Roman language which was based on the so-called Roman numerals. This is the number system in which 1 is represented by I, 2 by II, 3 by III, and so on. The Roman numerals continued to be used throughout the Roman Empire and even after that till, by around the 14th century, they were replaced by more convenient and efficient Indo-Arabic numerals. However, the use of Roman numerals for minor applications exists till this day.
The alphabet used in the ancient Roman language is known as the Roman alphabet. It was influenced by the earlier Greek alphabet and the Romans developed it further. With the passage of time, a script with upper and lower case letters was developed.
Letters of modern English have been heavily inspired by the Roman letters. Some of the major languages where letters are influenced directly by ancient Roman language include English, German, and Spanish.
Ancient Roman language is said to have given rise to the idea of calligraphy in the Western world. Roman calligraphy can be found on stones, walls, and manuscripts throughout the Empire as well as through the medieval ages in Europe. After the fall of the Roman Empire, its cultural and literal impact remained and this included calligraphy as well.
The culture of calligraphy that was developed during the time of the Roman Empire was taken over by medieval Christianity and developed further into various styles. This was particularly done in the copying of the sacred texts, particularly the Bible.
Famous Roman literature
The literature of ancient Roman language Latin grew steadily and was influenced heavily by the Greek literature and culture. Thus we see Roman philosophers continuing the philosophical traditions of the Greek philosophers and developing them further. In epic poetry, there are the big names of Virgil, Horace, and Ovid. The philosophers who contributed heavily to Roman literature include Cicero, Lucretius, and Seneca. Other important authors who influenced the literature of the ancient Roman language include Catullus, Lucan, Juvenal, and Pliny the Younger
The languages of Ancient Rome in summary
In ancient Rome, the primary language was Latin, however, the Latin that was used in literature and high culture was significantly different from the Latin used by the masses, the later called ‘vulgar Latin’. With the conquest of Greece by Rome, the influence of Greek language and culture increased in Rome and it became customary for the Roman elite to be well versed in Greek. Further, in other provinces of the Empire, many different languages were spoken some of which became extinct because of the increasing influence of Latin.